Well, I had to do it. Hitchcock pick lists saturate the web, but I always find the rankings either too predictable or, when they show thinking for themselves, off-base. So here's the true definitive Hitchcock pick list. I'm ready to be crucified for it.
1958. Most scholars consider this the crown jewel, and on this point they're right. The other "#1 masterpieces" -- Psycho
, Rear Window
, or Notorious
, depending who you ask -- don't conquer impossible territory like Vertigo
, and they certainly don't match its pristine aesthetic. There are days I honestly think Vertigo
is the best film of all time; it's that transcendent. In a sentence, it's about a man who wants to bang a woman who's dead. "He's indulging," said Hitchcock in an interview, "in a form of necrophilia." You could spend tomes unpacking this, and of course critics have; sex and death are the two most humanly obsessive subjects, and in Vertigo
they mesh like magic. Jimmy Stewart plays brilliantly against type, self-absorbed and neurotic, molding a woman in the image of his lost love -- only to lose her again
in the exact same way. He stole this woman, moreover, from the husband who hired him, and the fact that she was really a decoy does nothing to exonerate him since he didn't know this when he began the affair. That few people liked Vertigo
when it was released in the '50s is unsurprising. David Lynch
is an acquired taste too.
1948. If the top slot were determined by the number of times I've seen it, Rope
would be there. I've honestly lost count over the years; by now it's something like 14 or 15. Everything about this film is tailored to my tastes: it's dialogue-driven, occurring in real time; it builds tension at a slow pace, in the claustrophobic setting of a rich apartment; the characters are demented, or at least off-kilter; the subject is morbid. Two college students have killed a classmate just for killing sake, as they consider themselves morally superior and above the law. They then host a dinner party to celebrate their act, and to make it stimulating hide the corpse in an antique chest which they serve food on. The corpse is never caught on camera again, but we feel its crushing presence every moment as it's right under everyone's nose. Jimmy Stewart thrills as the professor who espouses Nietzsche's "superman" concept -- until at last so appalled he could have ever thought this way when he discovers what his students have done in his name. His final thundering indictment is directed at himself as much as the killers, one of my favorite climaxes in any film.
3. Rear Window.
1954. In which endless suspense is wrung out of a spying busybody. The key to Rear Window's
success is that we're in the dark as much as the main character; we see what he sees and no more. Most of this is banal -- loneliness, bickering, pointless existence -- but our peeping hero isn't any better, and the film amusingly indicts voyeurism through the accusations of the nurse. Some of my favorite scenes involve the early sparring between Stewart and his nurse, and then Stewart and his girlfriend (Grace Kelly), as they razz each other over their relationship. Stewart's acting is effortless as always, and he gets not one but two terrific "shut up" lines, whilst Kelly railroads him for his diseased behavior until finally convinced there's something truly nasty going on across the street. When the murder plot finally revs up, it's nail-biting in the extreme, and the final sequence -- Kelly invading the killer's apartment, the killer invading Stewart's -- still makes me sweat. Some days I could almost go with Rear Window
as Hitchcock's finest work for sheer perspective.
4. The Birds.
1963. This one is never high enough on pick lists. More than just a special effects film, it's nihilistic to the core and unapologetic about nature's savagery. And like the great horror films rarely seen anymore, it has the patience to let its characters breathe and become people we care about before unleashing the terror. And what a terror. No man-vs.-nature film has shattered me so thoroughly except for last year's The Grey
. The wolves in that thriller were fantasy predators like the killer birds on display here, but it doesn't matter. Wolves, birds, whatever, serve as metaphors for unstoppable biological forces -- beasts who suddenly behave in ways we don't and can't grasp -- and for that reason alone convince. There isn't a score to speak of, just clever sound effects, and aside from Hard Candy
, I can't think of a modern horror-thriller that's leaned on such wisdom. The coastal setting is gorgeous. By '60s standards the bird attack sequences are bloody terrifying. When nature comes after us, says Hitchcock, things aren't going to turn out okay. I think he's right, and The Birds
is my favorite apocalyptic film.
1940. Du Maurier's novel may be a Jane Eyre
facsimile, but you won't find me complaining
. I love the theme of simple women marrying unpleasant aristocrats who did nasty things to their first wife, whose presence (living or dead) haunts the castle like an invisible predator. The set pieces here are stunning -- the west-wing chamber is one of my all-time favorites. The characters are gems too, especially the servant Mrs. Danvers, who could terrify a bull. Joan Fontaine positively cringes under her glare, even paralyzed to tears, and at one point is nearly compelled to kill herself by sheer force of Danvers' will. There's a sexual subtext to Danvers' worship of the late Rebecca, which has been lost on plenty, but then this was the 40s when the theme couldn't be blatant (just as the novel's climax had to be lamely adjusted to fit the Hollywood code, so Rebecca's death at the hands of her spouse was less murder and more accidental). There is some melodrama too, but it works in context, and even the somewhat cliche legal resolution holds up well for delivering the pleasing twists about Rebecca's character that don't grow old no matter how many times I see it.
1960. If I'd written this list a decade ago, Psycho
would have placed in the top five, but these days I notice things that kick it down a notch. First is the baggage owing to its iconic status. I'm usually good at ignoring such baggage when assessing a film, but I wonder if I can really do that for Psycho
. The slasher genre looms so absolutely that no matter how we remind ourselves that "Hitchcock did it first and best", it will always feel a bit B-grade. The other problem is the denouement. The pop-psychology infodump at the police station is not only a completely unnecessary epilogue, but undercuts the terror we should be feeling as the curtain closes; the final act should have been at the motel, period. All the same, Psycho
is a mighty achievement and personal favorite for many reasons -- the lead character getting slashed so soon in the story, the creepy house overlooking the motel which seems almost supernaturally possessed, and its convincing portrayal of a man with dissociative identity disorder. The casting of Vera Miles for Janet Leigh's sister is brilliant, as they look so similar and remind of the Kim Novak look-alikes in Vertigo
which in that case really were the same person.
7. Dial M for Murder.
1954. As in Rope
, the single-apartment setting shows Hitchcock obsessing "the perfect murder", which in this case would be the title of the '90s remake (more a spin-off) with Michael Douglas and Gwyneth Paltrow. It's dialogue driven with strong rewatch value, because every word counts, and there are so many clues impossible to absorb on first viewing. Somewhat alarmingly, Dial M for Murder
isn't so much about a criminal mastermind as it is plain human nature: the stream of lies and deceptions on Wendice's part are something we're all capable of (if not the murder itself), and this is demonstrated rather hilariously by the way the novelist (who's been engaged in his own deceptions by having an affair with Wendice's wife) pieces everything together a bit too easily. Special compliments go to the detective-inspector, one of the most entertaining characters in any Hitchcock film; his scolding of the officer about to carry a woman's handbag out in public is so funny I nearly wet myself every time.
8. Strangers on a Train.
1951. This one takes seriously what scientists know as biologically true, that everyone is a potential murderer, even if few act on their urges. Thus the difference between Bruno and Guy. As in Rope
, Farley Granger plays the weaker of a pair involved in a murder-pact, suffused with homoerotic overtones. There are so many famous scenes from this film, like the swiveling heads at the tennis match save the one staring at Guy, the menacing dog at the top of the stairs (which turns out to be a bait-and-switch for what's really waiting), the kid sister's cheerfully demented lines ("Oh, Daddy doesn't mind a little scandal"; "Now that your wife is dead, you're free of her"; "I think it would be wonderful to have a man love you so much he'd kill for you") -- she basically says what everyone thinks but is appalled to hear voiced. Best of all is the double climax: the nerve-wracking tennis match and killer merry-go-round; the latter ratchets up to an insane speed which was unfaked and could have easily killed the actors, including the kids. Some of whom, incidentally, look like they're having the thrill ride of their lives, a mockery of everyone else being terrorized.
1972. A return to form after a flurry of failures, this is the only Hitchcock film after The Birds
I consider classic. For me it's the quintessential movie marrying black humor to the macabre, supplying endless laughs amidst so much depravity that I marvel at how much mileage I keep getting from it. The gourmet dinner scenes have me laughing so hard I cry: Chief Inspector Oxford is even better than the inspector in Dial M for Murder
, unable to choke down any of the exotic dishes his wife serves up; he can't even cut them with a knife. He tries his damndest to be a good sport, but breaks down when trying to explain a "pull-in" around a mouthful of rubbery sauteed pig's feet: "It's a café frequented by truck drivers, my dear. They serve humble food like bacon and egg sandwiches, sausages and mashed potatoes, and cups of tea and coffee." As for the story itself, the Necktie Strangler was a perfect villain for the time, as serial killing and rape could be done visual justice by '70s standards. As in Strangers on a Train
depends on orchestrated contrasts between two "friends", one helplessly taking the fall for the other's crimes.
1946. Considered by some (Truffaut, Ebert) to be the ultimate masterpiece, I take serious issue with that, though there's no denying Notorious
is very good. The camera shots are brilliant; the story is skillfully crafted, and manages to subordinate political espionage to romance in a way that heightens the suspense of the former in subtle ways. Not-so-subtly, it's a commentary on sexual and emotional abuse in the context of political manipulation, and there are times Ingrid Bergman seems as emotionally raped as Joan Fontaine in Rebecca
. On top of this is her gradual poisoning (which in my favorite scene on the bench, Cary Grant contemptuously assumes is her sliding back into alcoholism). Another Rebecca
parallel is the figure of Sebastian's mother, an ogre who somehow epitomizes matriarchal fascism without being cartoonish -- as chilling as Mrs. Danvers. The "happy ending" so uncharacteristic of Hitchcock no doubt rides the waves of post-WWII optimism, though Grant's rescue of Bergman from the clutches of Nazi evil is uplifting in a rather dark way, since she's still poisoned, and the final note hinges on uncertainty.
. Hitchcock gave us 53 films, and many were obviously duds. But two are considered so precious that I should explain why they don't make my top ten.
Shadow of a Doubt.
1943. I really don't like slamming this one, because there's a lot going for it, and of course Hitchcock himself believed it to be his finest work. (A pronouncement he made as late as 1964.) His intent was to bring violence back into the home, "where it belongs" as he stated, and the premise of a serial killer fitting in with his respected family in a quiet suburban neighborhood admittedly works well. Joseph Cotton's performance as the widow murderer is superb, and I adore little Ann whose deadpan expressions have become legendary. The problem lies with the female lead and her mother, both who overact so dreadfully (even by '40s standards) that it's just too painful for me to watch. I would love to see a decent remake of Shadow of a Doubt
, and for Hollywood to stop tampering with masterpieces like Rear Window
. It's a good film, but, with all due respect to the master, not one of his gems.
North by Northwest.
1959. This one I love to slam, and always take flak for it. It's a crowd pleaser, but little more than a James Bond film ahead of its time. I never warmed to these "wrong man on the run" action thrillers, which came even earlier in The 39 Steps
(1935) and Saboteur
(1942). (If I could save only one of these in my collection, it would actually be The 39 Steps
for the fabulous Scottish countryside setting, and theatrical climax which I think surpasses the Mount Rushmore favorite of North by Northwest
.) There is also the problem of Cary Grant, who I never liked (he did a passable job in Notorious
). There is the well-known idea that Hitchcock cast Grant as characters he wanted to be, Jimmy Stewart as those he truly was. In this light, my top three come as no surprise. Hitchcock was a master when he showed his soul. Comic action thrillers like North by Northwest
may be entertaining, but I don't see much enduring value.
Next month: David Lynch